Leouk Thary, in her 20s, worked in a garment factory on four-month short-term contracts that her managers repeatedly renewed.One day in November 2013 she had a bad nosebleed and sought exemption from overtime work.

In many factories, managers repeatedly use short-term contracts beyond the legally permissible two years as a way of controlling workers, discouraging union formation or participation, or avoiding paying benefits.

This practice has become a key point of contention, fueling tense industrial relations.

Because BFC’s mandatory monitoring is limited to export-oriented factories, its monitoring services extend to such subcontractors only where brands and factories identify them and pay for BFC services.

Hiring practices also influence labor law compliance.

Even though her managers told her to continue working, she went to see a doctor.

She returned the next day with a medical certificate requesting sick leave for nose surgery. Workers in Cambodia’s garment factories—frequently producing name-brand clothing sold mainly in the United States, the European Union, and Canada—often experience discriminatory and exploitative labor conditions.*** Garment and textile exports are crucial for the Cambodian economy.In 2013, Cambodian global exports amounted to roughly US.48 billion, of which garment and textile exports accounted for .96 billion; export of shoes accounted for another

She returned the next day with a medical certificate requesting sick leave for nose surgery. Workers in Cambodia’s garment factories—frequently producing name-brand clothing sold mainly in the United States, the European Union, and Canada—often experience discriminatory and exploitative labor conditions.

*** Garment and textile exports are crucial for the Cambodian economy.

In 2013, Cambodian global exports amounted to roughly US.48 billion, of which garment and textile exports accounted for .96 billion; export of shoes accounted for another [[

She returned the next day with a medical certificate requesting sick leave for nose surgery. Workers in Cambodia’s garment factories—frequently producing name-brand clothing sold mainly in the United States, the European Union, and Canada—often experience discriminatory and exploitative labor conditions.*** Garment and textile exports are crucial for the Cambodian economy.In 2013, Cambodian global exports amounted to roughly US$6.48 billion, of which garment and textile exports accounted for $4.96 billion; export of shoes accounted for another $0.35 billion.And the authorities have introduced more burdensome union registration procedures.Lack of accountability for poor working conditions in garment factories is at the center of troubled industrial relations in Cambodia.Some factories also outsource work seasonally to home-based workers, whose work remains poorly regulated and invisible in monitoring processes.

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She returned the next day with a medical certificate requesting sick leave for nose surgery. Workers in Cambodia’s garment factories—frequently producing name-brand clothing sold mainly in the United States, the European Union, and Canada—often experience discriminatory and exploitative labor conditions.

*** Garment and textile exports are crucial for the Cambodian economy.

In 2013, Cambodian global exports amounted to roughly US$6.48 billion, of which garment and textile exports accounted for $4.96 billion; export of shoes accounted for another $0.35 billion.

And the authorities have introduced more burdensome union registration procedures.

Lack of accountability for poor working conditions in garment factories is at the center of troubled industrial relations in Cambodia.

Some factories also outsource work seasonally to home-based workers, whose work remains poorly regulated and invisible in monitoring processes.

||

She returned the next day with a medical certificate requesting sick leave for nose surgery. Workers in Cambodia’s garment factories—frequently producing name-brand clothing sold mainly in the United States, the European Union, and Canada—often experience discriminatory and exploitative labor conditions.

*** Garment and textile exports are crucial for the Cambodian economy.

In 2013, Cambodian global exports amounted to roughly US$6.48 billion, of which garment and textile exports accounted for $4.96 billion; export of shoes accounted for another $0.35 billion.

And the authorities have introduced more burdensome union registration procedures.

]].35 billion.

And the authorities have introduced more burdensome union registration procedures.

Lack of accountability for poor working conditions in garment factories is at the center of troubled industrial relations in Cambodia.

Some factories also outsource work seasonally to home-based workers, whose work remains poorly regulated and invisible in monitoring processes.

.35 billion.And the authorities have introduced more burdensome union registration procedures.Lack of accountability for poor working conditions in garment factories is at the center of troubled industrial relations in Cambodia.Some factories also outsource work seasonally to home-based workers, whose work remains poorly regulated and invisible in monitoring processes.